l 16 of noviembrede 2010, UNESCO declared the Falconry "Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity" in a multinational candidature of Saudi Arabia, Belgium, Czech Republic, South Korea, UAE, Spain, France, Morocco, Mongolia, Qatar and Syria.
This declaration was due to having been recognized as one of Falconry traditional hunting methods older selective hunting prey, clean and friendly environment.
No one knows exactly when falconry was born, but it is believed that the Scythians were the first to domesticate horses, were also the first to be aware that birds of prey could hunt for them. Being a pastoral people who were also practicing good observers of nature and probably more than once seen as a hawk plummeting curiously picked up a dam that was built by the same herd.
This relationship between the herd and the falcon also made to reflect the pastor, who surely had the opportunity to catch prey that once struck by the hawk fell dead or wounded and picked it as a gift of nature.
Thus, the observation and the fruit of chance as a small link was forged between man and the falcon. One day it happened by chance, but that advantage for the prey was a method of obtaining cash game.
This symbiosis between man and the falcon led to a closer relationship when he could get some breeding and trainer, got the most perfect and natural hunting weapon, the falcon. This led to what centuries later became known as the art of falconry.
In the Iberian Peninsula falconry came through two streams: one through the northern barbarians of Europe, who introduced falconry bird "fly low", a more simple game, and another stream which was the emanated from the Arab countries and was introduced to hunting for "arrogance" or "flying high" with hawks and practiced only in the use of the cap is indispensable.
This is the most emblematic utensil used for falconry, where lies the great difference between the refined Arab falconry and falconry rustic northern peoples to whom they were completely unknown that little leather hood.
It was from this period that began falconry rise to unknown heights where every king, nobleman or gentleman, wanted to own the best hawk or goshawk. So says a romance of the time: "I was D. Fernando a hawk moved, there was no other such Castilla or better and a horse that Almanzor say ... "The golden age of falconry in the Middle Ages lasted for several centuries until the introduction of gunpowder weapons in hunting.
It was this, no doubt, that made falconry was gradually disappearing, being few, mainly nobles, who continued to maintain groups of falconers for this ancient sport are not totally removed.
Yet almost disappears, except for the desire of some people who were still in private at the essence of this art, hunting with birds of prey.
Falconry in the twentieth century was revived and captive breeding of raptors most significant change took place. With this many birds were recovered from the doom to which they were doomed, extinction.
It is from here when falconry takes a very different course to that predicted to develop new areas of work to ensure that the "Falconry as Art endure in the future."